Breve historia de las ciudades del mundo medieval (Spanish Edition)

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Maria Teresa Andruetto Narrated by: El origen perdido [The Lost Origin] Written by: Matilde Asensi Narrated by: El legado [The Legacy] Written by: Blanca Miosi Narrated by: La Hermandad [The Brotherhood] Written by: Marcos Chicot Narrated by: Jose Javier Esparza Narrated by: El presidente ha desaparecido Written by: La sexta via Written by: Iacobus [Spanish Edition] Written by: Breve historia de las ciudades del mundo medieval Written by: Breve historia del Socialismo y del Comunismo Written by: Javier Paniagua Narrated by: Breve historia de los piratas Written by: Silvia Miguens Narrated by: Not Enabled Screen Reader: Enabled Amazon Best Sellers Rank: Share your thoughts with other customers.

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Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. Get to Know Us. It has recently been renovated by Rafael Moneo , with the goal to house the neoclassical collection of El Prado Museum, and also sculptures by Leone Leoni and Pompeo Leoni. The Bishop Chapel is a gothic chapel built in the 16th century by order of the Bishop of Plasencia, Gutierre de Vargas.

It was originally built to house the remains of Saint Isidore Laborer Madrid's patron saint , but it was used as the Vargas family mausoleum. Inside are the altarpiece and the tombs of the Vargas family, which were the work of Francisco Giralte, a disciple of Alonso Berruguete. They are considered masterpieces of Spanish Renaissance sculpture. Isidore Church was built between and by order of Empress Maria of Austria , daughter of Charles V of Germany and I of Spain , to become part of a school run by the Jesuits, which still exists today.

Its dome is the first example of a dome drawing on a wooden frame covered with plaster, which, given its lightness, makes it easy to support the walls. It was the cathedral of Madrid between and , which is the time it took to build the Almudena. The artworks inside were mostly burned during the Spanish Civil War , but it retained the tomb that holds the incorrupt body of Saint Isidore Laborer and the urn containing the ashes of his wife, Maria Torribia. The institution, which belonged to ladies of the nobility, was founded by Queen Margaret of Austria , wife of Philip III of Spain , in the early 17th century.

Due to the frescoes and sculptures it houses, it is one of the most prominent temples in the city. The building's architect was Fray Alberto de la Madre de Dios, who built it between and The church's interior is a sumptuous work by the great Baroque architect Ventura Rodriguez. In the church are preserved shrines containing the blood of St. Pantaleon , the second according to tradition liquefies every year on the saint's day on 27 July. San Antonio de los Alemanes St. Anthony Church is a pretty 17th-century church that was originally part of a Portuguese hospital.

Subsequently, it was donated to the Germans living in the city. The interior of the church has been recently restored. They all sit looking at the paintings in the vault, which represent the life of Saint Anthony of Padua. The Royal Chapel of St. These were completed over a six-month period in The frescoes portray miracles by Saint Anthony of Padua, including one that occurred in Lisbon but that the painter has relocated to Madrid.

Every year on 13 June, the chapel becomes the site of a lively pilgrimage in which young unwed women come to pray to St. Anthony and ask for a partner. San Francisco el Grande Basilica was built in neoclassical style in the second half of the 18th century by Francesco Sabatini. It has the fifth largest diameter dome to Christianity.

The church is dedicated to St. Francis of Assisi , who according to legend was established in Madrid during his pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. It is a temple metres feet long and 73 metres feet high, built during the 19th and 20th centuries in a mixture of different styles: The cathedral was built in the same place as the Moorish citadel Al-Mudayna. Madrid has been one of the great centres of Spanish literature.

Some of the best writers of the Spanish Golden Century were born in Madrid, including: And finally, Tirso de Molina , who created the famous character Don Juan. The "Barrio de las Letras" District of Letters owes its name to the intense literary activity developed over the 16th and 17th centuries.

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At 87 Calle de Atocha, one of the roads that limit the neighbourhood, was the printing house of Juan Cuesta, where the first edition of the first part of Don Quixote was published, one of the greatest works of Spanish literature. Most of the literary routes are articulated along the Barrio de las Letras, where you can find scenes from novels of the Siglo de Oro and more recent works like " Bohemian Lights ". Madrid is home to the Royal Academy of Spanish Language , an internationally important cultural institution dedicated to language planning by enacting legislation aimed at promoting linguistic unity within the Hispanic states; this ensures a common linguistic standard, in accordance with its founding statutes "to ensure that the changes undergone [by the language] [ Madrid is also home to another international cultural institution, the Instituto Cervantes , whose task is the promotion and teaching of the Spanish language as well as the dissemination of the culture of Spain and Hispanic America.

The National Library of Spain is the largest major public library in Spain. The library's collection consists of more than 26,, items, including 15,, books and other printed materials, 30, manuscripts, , newspapers and serials, 4,, graphic materials, , music scores, , maps, , sound recording, 90, audiovisuals, 90, electronic documents, more than , microforms, etc. Plaza de Santa Ana , Barrio de las Letras. National Library of Spain. The nightlife in Madrid is one of the city's main attractions with tapas bars, cocktail bars, clubs, jazz lounges, live music venues and flamenco theatres.

The district of Chueca has also become a hot spot in the Madrilenian nightlife, especially for the gay population.

Breve Historia Del Mundo by Ernst H. Gombrich

Chueca is known as the gay quarter, comparable to The Castro district in San Francisco. Usually in Madrid people do not go out until later in the evening and do not return home until early in the morning. A typical evening out could start after The city has venues for performing alternative art and expressive art. It is also the principal venue for orchestras on tour playing in Madrid. The Teatro Real is the main opera house in Madrid, located just in front of the Royal Palace , and its resident orchestra is the Madrid Symphony Orchestra.

The Teatro de la Zarzuela is mainly devoted to Zarzuela the Spanish traditional musical theatre genre , as well as operetta and recitals. Madrid hosts the largest plaza de toros bullring in Spain, Las Ventas , established in Las Ventas is considered by many to be the world centre of bullfighting and has a seating capacity of almost 25, Madrid's bullfighting season begins in March and ends in October. Bullfights are held every day during the festivities of San Isidro Madrid's patron saint from mid May to early June, and every Sunday, and public holiday , the rest of the season.

Las Ventas also hosts music concerts and other events outside of the bullfighting season. The hope for this event is that its legacy will show the world a multicultural, diverse, and tolerant society. The club is one of the most widely supported teams in the world and their supporters are referred to as Madridistas or Merengues Meringues. Real Madrid was selected as the best club of the 20th century FIFA Club of the Century , being the current leader of the European teams ranking and the most valuable sports team in the world.

Historically nationwide, Atletico has won ten Leagues and ten Cups. Madrid boasts a main place in Spanish basketball , with two ACB clubs , playing their home games at the Palacio de Deportes. Madrid's other professional basketball club is Estudiantes that have won 3 Spanish Cup championships. State Education in Spain is free, and compulsory from 6 to 16 years. Madrid is home to a large number of public and private universities. Some of them are among the oldest in the world, and many of them are the most prestigious universities in Spain. Facts and data about UNED: At more than , students , UNED has the largest student population in Spain and is one of the largest universities in Europe.

Since , UNED has sought to translate into action the principle of equal opportunity in access to higher education through a methodology based on the principles of distance learning and focused on the needs of the student. UNED is the leader in the implementation of cutting edge technologies applied to learning, with the largest offer of virtual courses in Spain.

It has 10, staff members and a student population of , Nearly all academic staff are Spanish. It is located on two campuses, in the university quarter Ciudad Universitaria at Moncloa in Madrid, and in Somosaguas. During the course of — five schools were already operative: The Spanish Civil War turned the University City into a war zone, causing the destruction of several schools in the area, as well as the loss of part of its rich scientific, artistic and bibliographic heritage.

It was then when the new campus at Somosaguas was created to house the new School of Social Sciences. Complutense also serves to the population of students who select Madrid as their residency during their study abroad period. The beautiful setting of the campus allows students living temporarily in Madrid to have access to all of the city's public features including Retiro Park, El Prado Museum, and much more. After studying at the University, students return home with a fluent sense of Spanish as well as culture and diversity.

It is the result of the merge of different Technical Schools of Engineering. The Autonomous University is widely recognised for its research strengths in theoretical physics.

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The Charles III University of Madrid Universidad Carlos III de Madrid , whose philosophy is to create responsible free-thinking people with a sensitivity to social problems and an involvement in the concept of progress based on freedom, justice and tolerance. The undergraduate degrees in Business Administration , Economics is ranked first among those offered by public and private universities in Spain, [] and its Master and PhD programs also rank top in the country. Other universities in Madrid are: These three schools are the top-ranked business schools in Spain, consistently rank among the top 20 business schools globally, and offer MBA programs in English or Spanish as well as other business degrees.

Other Madrid business schools and universities that have MBA programs include:. Madrid is served by several roads and three modes of public surface transport, and two airports, one of them being almost two different airports. A great many important road, rail and air links converge on the capital, providing effective connections with other parts of the metropolitan region and with the rest of Spain and other parts of Europe.


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Commuters and other local travellers have available a high-capacity metropolitan road network, Madrid is the centre of the most important roads of Spain. In it was announced that Madrid will stop the use of all diesel powered cars and trucks within the next decade. Also Madrid road network includes four orbital ones at different distances from the centre. Due to the large amount of traffic, new toll highways were built parallel to the main national freeways A Their names are R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 and provide a paid alternative to the often overcrowded free radials.

There are four major components of public transport, with many intermodal interchanges. The first is the Metro , the second longest metro system in Europe after London's at kilometres miles. Those are local railways, used for longer distances from the suburbs into Madrid, consisting of nine lines totalling kilometres miles and 98 stations. With fewer stops inside the centre of the city they are faster than the Metro, but run less frequently.

This system is connected with Metro presently 22 stations and Light Metro.

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Finally there is a dense network of bus routes, run by the municipal body Empresa Municipal de Transportes , or EMT, which operate 24 hours a day, in the night are special lines called "N lines". There are two types, the red and blue buses inside the city with more than bus lines , the green buses which has route with the neighbourhoods outside the centre of the city with suburban bus lines , and the yellow Airport Express bus.

Also several neighbourhoods has its own bus lines for the mobility inside them. Almost half of all journeys in the metropolitan area are made on public transport, a very high proportion compared with most European cities. There are now 2, kilometres 1, miles of AVE track, connecting Madrid with 17 provincial capitals, and further lines are under construction. A second commercial airport for Madrid, the Ciudad Real Central Airport [] is under the process of reopening after years of closure due to financial difficulties of the airport's former parent company.

List of Madrid's twin towns, sister cities: Madrid is part of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities [] from 12 October establishing brotherly relations with the following cities:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the capital city of Spain.

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For the autonomous community , see Community of Madrid. For other uses, see Madrid disambiguation. Capital of Spain in Madrid, Spain. This is my ensign and escutcheon". History of Madrid and Timeline of Madrid. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. List of mayors of Madrid. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.


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